*    Journaling 

·         Journaling, generally speaking, is a process of recording activity.

·         On the iSeries, journaling refers to the process of recording object activity.

·         Journaling on the iSeries typically involves the recording of the activity related to files, namely, physical files. When a file is being journaled, activity such as file-opens, file-closes and data updates are recorded.


*    Set up journaling


1.      Use the Create Journal Receiver (CRTJRNRCV) command to create a journal receiver.

The journal receiver is where the journal entries are actually recorded. The journal "connects" the receiver to the file.

It's a good habit to name the journal receiver the same as the journal, plus a numeric suffix such as 0 or 1.

Also, you should put journal receivers in the same library as the file.

2.      Create a journal. Use the Create Journal (CRTJRN) command to create a journal and specify the receiver created in step 1. Although you can journal multiple files to the same journal (and, in some cases, that is actually preferable), you will generally want to have a journal "serving" a single file.

3.      Start journaling the file. This is done by using the Start Journal Physical File (STRJRNPF) command. This is how you associate a file to a journal. Once the association is made, the system will record in the journal receiver a copy of any record added, updated or deleted from the file. Other activity, such as when the file is opened and closed, can also be recorded in the journal receiver if you choose by selecting the appropriate options on the STRJRNPF command.


*      Four basic journal entry categories

·         The most common journal entries fall into four basic categories (J, F, R, C).

·         Within each category there are number of different journal entry types represented by a two-character entry code (e.g. PR, NR for journal entry J).

1.      Journal and journal receiver operations (J). These include such things as references to the previous receiver (PR) or the next receiver (NR) in a chain. Also, at IPL-time, an entry is made (e.g., an IN entry for IPL after normal end) marking a critical chronological boundary in the file activity.

2.      File operations (F). This category includes file opens (OP) and file closes (CL).

3.      Record operations (R). Record updates (UP), deletes (DL), and new records written (PT and PX) all fall into this category.

4.      Commitment control (C). Anything related to commitment control falls into this category. Some examples are begin commitment control (BC), start a commit cycle (SC), commit operation (CM) and rollback operation (RB).


*     Useful journaling commands

APYJRNCHG: Uses the journal entries to apply changes that have occurred since a database file was saved or some other specified time.

CHGJRN: Use this command to change the attributes of a journal or to attach new journal receivers to a journal.

CMPJRNIMG: This command compares and lists the difference between the before-image and after-image of a record, or between the current after-image of a record and the previous after-image of the record.

CRTJRN: Use this command to create a journal.

CRTJRNRCV: Use this command to create a journal receiver.

DLTJRN: Use this command to delete a journal.

DLTJRNRCV: Use this command to delete a journal receiver.

DSPJRN: This command displays or prints the journal entries that are in the journal receivers associated with the specified journal. This command has outfile support so you can list the journal entries to a database output file for further processing or analysis.

DSPJRNRCVA: Use this command to display the attributes of a journal receiver.

ENDJRNPF: This command ends journaling for the specified physical file.

RCVJRNE: This command allows a specified user program to continuously receive journal entries one at a time as they are written to the journal. The behavior is similar to an exit program.

RMVJRNCHG: Use this command to remove changes that have occurred to a database file from a specified point in time to some previous point in time (allowed only if before-images were recorded during the time).

RTVJRNE: Use this command to retrieve a journal entry and place it in CL program variables.

SNDJRNE: Use this command to write user-defined entries to a journal (i.e., journal receiver).

STRJRNPF: Use this command to start journaling for the physical file.

WRKJRN: This command displays a menu from which you can perform many journal-related functions, such as system-assisted recovery of journaled files.

WRKJRNA: This command displays the attributes of a journal and the associated receivers.


Example of Journal:


Sample PF

ACLEVELID  ACORGCOD       ACCOUNTNUM   ACCURRENCY  ACNAME                             

     7        190    100,000,000,001      EUR      SURESH                             

     7        190    100,000,000,002      EUR      SHRI                                

     7        190    100,000,000,003      EUR      UPI                                

     7        190    100,000,000,004      EUR      ABHI                               

     7        190    100,000,000,005      EUR      AMI                                 

     7        190    100,000,000,006      INR      NOVITA                             

********  End of data  ********                                                       



INSERT INTO AMINEM/ACCOUNT VALUES(07, 190, 100000000008, 'KZP', 


1 rows inserted in ACCOUNT in AMINEM.                           




1 rows updated in ACCOUNT in AMINEM.                            



ACLEVELID  ACORGCOD       ACCOUNTNUM   ACCURRENCY  ACNAME                                   

     7        190    100,000,000,001      EUR      SURESH                                   

     7        190    100,000,000,002      EUR      SHRI                                     

     7        190    100,000,000,003      EUR      UPI                                      

     7        190    100,000,000,004      EUR      ABHI                                     

     7        190    100,000,000,005      EUR      AMI                                      

     7        190    100,000,000,006      INR      JANE   >>>>>>>> UPDATE FROM 'NOVITA' TO 'JAN'

     7        190    100,000,000,008      KZP      MANIAA >>>>>>> INSERTED ENTRY


                            Display Journal Entries                             


 Journal  . . . . . . :   JRN2222         Library  . . . . . . :   AMINEM      

 Largest sequence number on this screen  . . . . . . : 00000000000000000008    

 Type options, press Enter.                                                    

   5=Display entire entry                                                      



 Opt    Sequence  Code  Type  Object      Library     Job         Time         

               1   J     PR                           QPADEV000K  13:59:40     

               2   D     JF   ACCOUNT     AMINEM      QPADEV000K  14:00:21     

               3   F     JM   ACCOUNT     AMINEM      QPADEV000K  14:00:21     

               4   F     JM   ACCOUNT     AMINEM      QPADEV000K  14:00:21     

               6   R     PX   ACCOUNT     AMINEM      QPADEV000K  14:01:29     

               7   R     UB   ACCOUNT     AMINEM      QPADEV000K  14:02:22     

               8   R     UP   ACCOUNT     AMINEM      QPADEV000K  14:02:22     




1 AMINEM/JRN2001) FROMENTLRG(8) TOENTLRG(7)                              

1 entries removed for 1 objects.                                         




     7        190    100,000,000,001      EUR      SURESH                 

     7        190    100,000,000,002      EUR      SHRI                   

     7        190    100,000,000,003      EUR      UPI                    

     7        190    100,000,000,004      EUR      ABHI                   

     7        190    100,000,000,005      EUR      AMI                     

     7        190    100,000,000,006      INR      NOVITA     >>>>> ROLLBACK FROM 'JANE' TO 'NOVITA'

     7        190    100,000,000,008      KZP      MANIAA                 

********  End of data  ********                                            




1 AMINEM/JRN2001) FROMENTLRG(8) TOENTLRG(*LAST)                          



     7        190    100,000,000,001      EUR      SURESH                        

     7        190    100,000,000,002      EUR      SHRI                          

     7        190    100,000,000,003      EUR      UPI                           

     7        190    100,000,000,004      EUR      ABHI                          

     7        190    100,000,000,005      EUR      AMI                           

     7        190    100,000,000,006      INR      JANE    >>>>>>> BACK TO 'JANE'

     7        190    100,000,000,008      KZP      MANIAA                        

********  End of data  ********                               



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